Guidelines for Authors
Turkish Journal of Iranian Studies (TJIS) uses APA Style 7th Edition and requires studies to be prepared following this format. The primary examples are listed below, and the sources that are not specified here should be checked on the official website of the APA 7th Edition.
Title: The article's title should be compatible with the content and reflect the content exclusively. The main title should be centered and written in Times New Roman font with 12 point font size in bold capital letters. The secondary titles should be left-aligned and bold with capitalized first letters of the words. Tertiary titles should be written in italic and left-aligned. The chapters of the article should be numbered apart from the introduction and conclusion.
Author Name: Information about the author should be written in the relevant fields in the Article Management System at the time of application. There should be no information about the author in the article file.
Abstract: The article should include Turkish and English abstracts that summarize the article's subject. It should be between 200-250 words and written in 10 point font size. The abstracts should include the purpose, method, and results of the study. There should be at least five compatible and comprehensive keywords with the subject of the article. For Turkish articles whose peer-review process has been completed and queued for publication, a 750-word English summary should be prepared.
Page Format: The text of the article should be written in Times New Roman font, 12-point font size, with 1.15 line spacing. There should be 0.6 pt space before and after the paragraphs; the indent should be 0 from the right and left. The "tab/enter key" should not be used between paragraphs. References list entries should have 0.5 hanging indents. It should be the top margin and bottom margin 2,5 cm, left margin and right margin 2,5 cm for spaces.
Book Review: TJIS also includes book reviews concerning Iranian studies. Book reviews should be written according to the template and uploaded to the article tracking system. Book reviews are also subjected to the review process.
The use of footnotes should be avoided as much as possible, and footnotes should be given only when necessary.
Quotes should be given in quotation marks. Quotations less than 40 words should be written in the text, and longer quotations should be written 1.5 cm from the right and left of the line, in block form and with 1.15 line spacing in 11-point font size.
Single author citations should be in the text as follows: (Yılmaz, 2015, p. 288).
If more than one source is cited for one citation, they are listed in parentheses, from the oldest to the newest, separated by semicolons. For example; (Demir, 1995; Doğan, 2018; and Baran, 2020).
If the author has more than one publication published in the same year, it should be shown as (Yılmaz, 2021a, p.93) and (Yılmaz, 2021b, p.235).
If the article has two authors, both authors' surnames should be written. Surnames should be separated with "ve" in the Turkish sources, and they should be separated with "and" in the English sources. For example; (Erdem and Demir, 2019, p.17).
For the sources with more than two authors, the "et al." abbreviation should be used after the first author's surname. For example; (Kejanlıoğlu et al., 2004, p. 23).
When citing a secondary source, both the source itself and the source seen by the researcher should be given. For example, (Kalenderoğlu, 2015, p.67 as cited in Eker, 2018, p. 89).
If the author's name is included in a sentence in the text, it is sufficient to indicate the date and page number in parentheses. For example, According to Yılmaz (2021, p. 233) or According to Yılmaz, … (2021, p.233).
References should be written in Times New Roman font with a 12-point font size, 1.15 line spacing, and the first line should be left-justified. If there is a DOI number, it should be added to the works of books, book chapters, or articles.
If a journal article has a DOI number, it should be included in the references. If the journal article does not have a DOI number, its URL should be added at the end of the references if the journal article has an article number instead of a page range, the word "Article" should be written instead of the page range, followed by the article number.
The surname of the author, The Initial of the Name of the Author. (Year). The Title of the article. The Name of the Periodical, Volume(Number of the periodical), Page range. http://doi.org/xx.xxxxxxxxxx
Boylu, E. and Başar, U. (2016). Türkçe öğretim merkezlerinin güncel durumu ve standartlaştırılması üzerine. Akademik Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi, 4(24), 309-324. http://dx.doi.org/10.16992/ASOS.1042
Yılmaz, E. (2017). Biçimbilgisel rekonstrüksiyon: Türkçe üzerinde bir yöntem uygulaması. Çukurova Üniversitesi Türkoloji Araştırmaları Dergisi, 2(1), 105-126. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/cutad/issue/30299/326954
Webpage on a News Website
Bologna, C. (2019, October 31). Why some people with anxiety love watching horror movies. HuffPost. https://www.huffpost.com/entry/anxiety-love-watching-horror-movies_l_5d277587e4b02a5a5d57b59e
It should be cited as follows: The author's surname, the initial of the author's name (Year). Name of the book (edition number). Publisher. If the book has two authors, "and" should be written between the names.
Demir, N. and Yılmaz, E. (2014). Türk dili el kitabı (7th ed.). Grafiker Yayınları.
Erkman Akerson, F. (2016). Türkçe örneklerler dile genel bir bakış. Bilge Kültür Sanat.
It should be cited as follows: The author's surname, the initial of the author's name (year). The name of the book (edition number). (The initial of the translator's name. The surname of the translator, Trans.). Publisher. (Date when the original material was published)
Johanson, L. (2018). Türkçe dil ilişkilerinde yapısal etkenler. (N. Demir, Trans.). TDK (Original work published 1992).
It should be cited as follows: The surname of the editor, the initial of the name of the editor. (Ed.). (Year). The name of the book (Edition number). Publisher.
Ercilasun, A. B. (Ed.). (2012). Türk Lehçeleri grameri. Akçağ Yayınevi.
Chapter of an Edited Book
It should be cited as follows: The surname of the author, the initial of the name of the author. (Year). The name of the chapter. In The initial of the editor’s name. The surname of the editor (Ed.), The name of the book (edition number, pages). Publisher
Öztürk, R. (2012). Özbek Türkçesi. In A. B. Ercilasun (Ed.), Türk lehçeleri grameri (pp. 291-354). Akçağ Yayınevi.
It should be cited as follows: The surname of the author, the initial of the name of the author or group name. (Year, Month Day). The title of the study. The name of the website. When contents of a page are designed to change over time but are not archived, include a retrieval date in the reference.
Berkolli, L. (2021, June 17). İran’ın Bosna-Hersek’teki kültürel varlığı. İRAM. https://iramcenter.org/iranin-bosna-hersekteki-kulturel-varligi/
Official Publication Sources
It should be cited as follows: The Publisher Name of the Official Publication. (Year). The name of the report (Publication no.). The website.
Turkish Statistical Institute. (2019). İstatistiklerle çocuk (Publication 4581). https://biruni.tuik.gov.tr/yayin/views/visitorPages/index.zul
In-text citation: (Turkish Statistical Institute, 2020), Turkish Statistical Institute (2020)
Ethical Code References
It should be cited as follows: The name of the group. (Year). The name of the ethical code. Website.
Turkish Psychological Association. (2004). Türk psikologlar derneği etik yönetmeliği. https://www.psikolog.org.tr/tr/files/folder/etik-yonetmeligi-x389.pdf
In-text citation: (Turkish Psychological Association, 2004), Turkish Psychological Association (2004)
Conference Presentation References
It should be cited as follows: The surname of the author, The initial of the author’s name. (Year, Month Day). The name of the study [Oral presentation/ Poster presentation]. The name of the scientific meeting, the city of the meeting, country.
Özkan, A. And Şenyüz L. (2004, September 7-11). Haloperidolün, farklı uyaranlar tarafından kontrol edilen, su elde etmeye yönelik edimsel davranış üzerindeki etkileri [Oral Presentation]. 13.Ulusal Psikoloji Kongresi, İstanbul, Turkey.
Theses and Dissertations
The citation of the graduate sources and their examples are as follows:
The surname of the author, The initial of the name of the author. (Year). The title of the thesis [Unpublished master’s thesis/ Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. The name of the university.
The surname of the author, the initial of the name of the author. (Year). The title of the thesis [Master’s thesis/ Doctoral Dissertation]. Published database/ Internet address
Polat, E. (2021). 1979 İran İslam Cumhuriyeti'nin kuruluşu ve İran'ın Suriye politikası [Master’s thesis, Bingöl University]. https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/
Başar, U. (2019). İran'da yabancı dil olarak Türkçe öğretimi [Doctoral Dissertation, Hacettepe University]. https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/
The surname of the author, the initial of the name of the author. (Year). The name of the dictionary. Publisher.
Öner, M. (2015). Kazan – Tatar Türkçesi dictionary. TDK Yayınları.
Number: Table number (Example: Table 1) should be written in bold next to the table title. Tables should be numbered according to the order specified in the article, and sources should be placed under the tables/figures. Table Title Should Be Written in Bold, and the Inıtıals of the Title Should Be Capitalized.
Table Borders: Vertical borders and borders around each cell in the table should be used to separate the data. Spacing between columns and rows and strict alignment can be used to clarify relationships between items in a table.
The Comparison of the Self-Efficacy of the Participants in the Study With Respect To Their Genders and Levels of Education
Source: Şahin et al., 2013, p. 41.
Shaman Clothing of Tofas
Source: Ilgın, 2021, p. 104.
Tables, pictures, and figures are written according to the same rule.
Number: The figure number (for example: Figure 1) appears in bold font above the figure title and image. The numbers are ordered in the same order specified in the article.
Title: Figure title should be written next to the figure number. Each figure is given a short but descriptive title, And The Figure Title is Italicized with the Capitalized First Letters of the Words.
Iran’s Oil Fields
Source: Azim, 2021, p. 23.
Kut, G. (1989). Ali Şîr Nevâî. TDV İslâm Ansiklopedisi (Cilt 2, s. 449-453). TDV Yayınları.
Archival Documents and Collections
Unpublished manuscripts, letters, brochures and corporate documents are among archival sources. The general form of reference for archival documents includes author, date, title and source. If available, information such as publication number, fund code and file name should be added. Titles of archive documents and collections should be written in italics. If the study does not have a title, it should be explained in square brackets. Information such as archive name, library, archive location, university name should be separated by commas.
If the letter does not have a title, a description should be made in square brackets.
Frank, L. K. (1935, February 4). [Letter to Robert M. Ogden]. Rockefeller Archive Center (GEB Series 1.3, Box 371, Folder 3877), Tarrytown, NY, United States.
In-Text:(Frank, 1935), Frank (1935)
Special Collection Letter
Zacharius, G. P. (1953, August 15). [Letter to William Rickel (W. Rickel, Trans.)]. Copy in possession of Hendrika Vande Kemp.
In-Text: (Zacharius, 1953), (1953)
Letters Collected from the Archive
Allport, G. W. (1930–1967). Correspondence. Gordon W. Allport Papers (HUG 4118.10), Harvard University Archives, Cambridge, MA, United States.
Notes from the Private Collection
Berliner, A. (1959). Notes for a lecture on reminiscences of Wundt and Leipzig. Anna Berliner Memoirs (Box M50), Archives of the History of American Psychology, University of Akron, Akron, OH, United States.
In Text: (Berliner, 1959), Berliner (1959)
If the date of archival/historical sources is not included in the documents but is reasonably known, it can be approximated in parentheses.
Allport, A. (presumed). (ca. 1937). Marion Taylor today—by the biographer [Unpublished manuscript]. Marion Taylor Papers, Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe College, Cambridge, MA, United States.
Group Authors & Archival Documents
Subcommittee on Mental Hygiene Personnel in School Programs. (1949, November 5–6). Meeting of Subcommittee on Mental Hygiene Personnel in School Programs. David Shakow Papers (M1360), Archives of the History of American Psychology, University of Akron, Akron, OH, United States.
In-Text: (Subcommittee on Mental Hygiene Personnel in School Programs, 1949)
For an interview recorded in an archive, the interviewee is added as the author. The name of the interviewer is added to the title.
Smith, M. B. (1989, August 12). Interview by C. A. Kiesler [Tape recording]. President’s Oral History Project, American Psychological Association, APA Archives, Washington, DC, United States.
In-Text: (Smith, 1989), Smith (1989)
Limited Circulation Historical Publication
Sci-Art Publishers. (1935). Sci-Art publications [Brochure]. Roback Papers (HUGFP 104.50, Box 2, Folder “Miscellaneous Psychological Materials”), Harvard University Archives, Cambridge, MA, United States.
In-Text: (Sci-Art Publishers, 1935), Sci-Art Publishers (1935)
Archive Photos Without Author and Title
The description is moved to the author's place using square brackets.
[Photographs of Robert M. Yerkes]. (ca. 1917–1954). Robert Mearns Yerkes Papers (Box 137, Folder 2292), Manuscripts and Archives, Yale University Library, New Haven, CT, United States.
In-Text: ([Photographs of Robert M. Yerkes], ca. 1917–1954), [Photographs of Robert M. Yerkes] (ca. 1917–1954)]