Safavid dynasty was established in Azerbaijani regions (Northwest of Iran) based on a powerful military (Qizilbash) that made it possible to unify other parts of Persia, Caucasia, some parts of the Peninsula, and Anatolia. Safavids defined the meaning of unified Shi’ite Iran. They mixed Arabic Shi’ite ideology with the Persian language to be distinguished from other Turkish Sunni empires (Ottomans in West and Mughals in East). Safavids developed their idea and rules by flourishing artistic pieces, especially poetry, painting, and architecture. The Art School of Tabriz II is the best example that mixed them using oriental techniques. Descriptive comparison and qualitative research methods were used in this paper to show the roots and features of this school. The painting and architectural masterworks are illustrated to show their features and interrelations. Finally, it is shown that this school was not only a mixture of Persian, Azerbaijani, and Arabic cultures but also, it combined ideological concepts with naturalism and realism. The miniatures were used as a sketch for architecture, and the paintings are affected by architectural spaces. In terms of calligraphy, most of the texts are written by Nastaliq in this school with special rules presenting modular design.
Keywords: Architectural Sketch, Islamic Art, Safavids, Tabriz, Turks