A UNIONIST IN IRAN BEFORE THE SECOND CONSTITUTIONAL PERIOD: ÖMER NACİ (1878-1916)

Abstract

A UNIONIST IN IRAN BEFORE THE SECOND CONSTITUTIONAL PERIOD: ÖMER NACİ (1878-1916)

At the beginning of the XXth century, the constitutional movements that followed one another in Russia, Iran and the Ottoman Empire, the three bordering states, witnessed the most remarkable political developments in the region at the beginning of the century. The important common denominator of these movements, which took place in Russia in 1905, in Iran in 1906, and finally in the Ottoman Empire in 1908, is that they fed and influenced from one another. For instance, in the opposition scripts written between 1906 and 1908, there are references are made to Russia and Iran -sometimes to Japan and China related to constitutionalism. In these references, it is observed that in the Ottoman Empire, who declared its constitutionalism the latest, these developments are viewed as a “lesson” to be learned. Although such interactions can be seen between the constitutional movements of all these three states, the constitutional movements in the Ottoman and Iran, whom by the way belong to the same religion, have much more common elements. One of these common elements is Ömer Naci, an important figure of the Committee of Union and Progress. Omer Naci stands out with his literary identity and orator. In this study, It will be revealed how Naci, who moved from Paris to organize the popular uprisings in Anatolia, especially in Erzurum, before the second Constitutional Monarchy, suddenly found himself in Iran and how he acted as a bridge between the two constitutional movements. The study also reveals these findings by focusing on his relationships with certain individuals and his activities in the regions. This text, which was built on Ömer Naci, will shed light on how the Unionists followed the constitutional movements in Iran on the eve of the second Constitutional Monarchy. Consequently, with the declaration of constitutionalism right (1906) before the second Constitutional Monarchy (1908), Iran, who followed the Ottomans of modernnization throughout the XIX. century, before a reference and in Naci’s word, “a fulcrum” for he Ottoman opponents, albeit for a short time.

Keywords: Committee of Union and Progress, Ömer Naci, Said Selmasi, The Iranian Constitutional Revolution, The Second Constitutional Monarcy

 

Details

The language of the article Turkish
The type of the article Graduate thesis article
The field of the article History
Published issue 2. Issue
Page 29-55

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